Museum of Ancient History and Archeology

    Address:24, Rynok sq.
    Phone:+38 (032) 235-68-74
  • Department of Lviv History Museum

     The Archeology Department

    The exposition of the archeology department retells the history of our country beginning with the most ancient times till the IX century.

    The exhibits fascinate the visitors by their antiquity. Here the one can see the stone lithic flakes that were used 500.000 years ago; the pipe under sounds of which our ancestors conducted the cult rituals 20. 000 years ago; the most ancient tableware that is 7000 years old.

    A great deal of interesting exhibits represent the Neolith epoch. The most vivid phenomenon of that time was the Trypillian civilization where a lot of the archeologists recognize the roots of the Ukrainian nation. The one is charmed by the painted trypillian zoomorphic and anthropomorphic ceramics, among which there are the rare objects: the female statuettes “Oranta” and “Madonna and child” that is called the best Eneolith maternity epoch embodiment. The ritual “bread” which reminds our fabulous Ukrainian kolobok, the vessel in the shape of the bullock harness, the trinocl, a symbol of the family (father, mother and the child) do not have the analogues in the archeological cultures of the Old World.

    The visitors can examine the treasure of the bronze items from the village of Hrushivka (Ivano-Frankivsk region) – the proof of the local foundry manufacture development during the Bronze Age.

    The galvanic copies of the high art standard tell about the greatest golden treasure of the Eastern Europe that is 7.5 kg weight and was found in 1878 at Myhalkiv village (Ternopil region). The treasure is dated back to the VII century BC and belonged to the tribe elite representative.

    One’s attention is caught by the Vysotska Culture (X-VII centuries BC): various in form ceramics and rare ritual twin and tee, the figurines of the birds. Interesting is the child’s toy “torohcalce”. A great impact on the ancient Ukrainian history was produced by the Scythians, whose influence was felt even at our land. The one is fascinated by the Scythian bronze mirrors, in front of which the Scythian woman admired their beauty; by the woman adornments and the decorations of the horse trappings; by the akinakt sword.

    Among the monuments of the primary centuries of our era one’s eye is feasted by the colored glass goblet produced by the Roman craftsman in IV century and found in Nyzhniy Stryten (Ivano-Frankivsk region) which proves that the local inhabitants had the trade relations with the Roman Danubian province.

    The exposition finishes with the materials dedicated to the Slavs of the VI-VIII centuries. At that time the East Slavs lived in Volyn and Upper Podnistrovia, united into the Dulib tribe union which together with the ant union of the Middle Podniprovia formed the ground for the creation of the 1st Ukrainian state – Kyiv Rus.

    Department of Ancient History

    The exhibition begins with the exhibits of Galicia-Volhynian State period (12th – 13th centuries.) Here are the archaeological finds from princely cities Galych, Zvenygorod, Terebovlya and others. Attention is paid to such items as a collection of crosses – Engolpions from the 12th – 13th centuries, hrestylnytsyas fragment from the Assumption Cathedral in Galicia, in which Galician prince Volodymyrko, father of the famous Galician prince Yaroslav Osmomysl was baptized, ceramic tiles (12th century) Assumption Cathedral in Galych.

    The exhibition shows the exhibits which reveal the history of prince and medieval Lviv: sculptural portrait of King Danylo by the sculptor Theodosia Bryzh, portrait of Prince Lev by L. Dolinsky, the panorama of Lviv of the 18th century by Z. Rozwadowski and Jurij Janowski (1928), monuments of city self-government – Rada and Lava, which comes from the old Lviv Town Hall: Lviv's advisers rods from the 18th century, ceremonial sword from 1577 that symbolized the right of the City Court to condemn the person to death, executioner’s swords from the 16th century. Unique is the vane from the 17th century in the form of a lion (the symbol of a town), coat of arms of Lviv, model of the Town Hall from the 17th century.

    Numerous exhibits reflect economic life of Lviv in the 17th – 18th centuries. These are the products of the casters (guns, bells, lanterns, and candlestick), tinsmith (reflectors, bowls, and hot water bottle), swordsman, locksmiths, and watchmakers. The attention of the visitors, without doubt, is attracted by a table-clock from the 18th century, which showed not only hours, but the seasons, lunar phases, days of a week.

    A number of sites help to recreate the events of the Cossack period. Articles of Cossack household of the 16th – 17th centuries, attributes the Hetman's power, Cossack arms, portraits of Cossack hetmans are submitted here.

    Many mysteries are kept by a portrait of a young Roksolana (16th cent.) -Nastya Lisovska from Rohatyn, Turkish captive who became the wife of Sultan Suleiman II.

    Extremely valuable is a collection of manuscripts and ancient books. To the visitors attention: GOSPEL from the 15th – 16th centuries, Apostles, missals, Menaions from the 15th – 18th centuries., Music book of church singing from the 17th century (weight - 28 kg, sheet size - 41×62 cm), written on perhament, decorated with colorful illustrations and the first printed books in Ukraine: Lviv Apostle from1574 and Ostrog Bible from 1581 by John Fedorovych.

    Paintings are of great value. The portrait of Varvara Lange by M. Petrahnovych, 17th century, coffin portraits of Lviv Stauropegic Brotherhood members which come from the Assumption Church in Lviv, 18th century, folk painting “Cossack Mamay,” 18th century are exhibited.

    Important role in the life of Ukrainians was played by music. The visitors can have a look at the musical instruments from the 17th – 18th centuries (torban, lyre, pipe, trembita, organ).

    Numerous materials cover the life of different population groups: farmers, townspeople and magnates. The exhibition includes Hutsul everyday things that are true masterpieces of folk art, bourgeois furniture from the 18th century, exquisite magnate men and women dresses, Venetian mirror, expensive hunting, silver and porcelain ware.

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