At the time of Austrian rule in Lviv, the city has achived the look that we can see nowadays. City walls were removed in 1777, which had played their historical role long. The city was expanding, new buildings were built, new streets and squares were appearing. In the late 18th – first half of 19th century the architectural style of classicism became predominant in residential and civil construction.
Cultural life flourished in Lviv under the Austrian rule. Two theatres of European importance were built here: Skarbkivski (M. Zankovetska) Theatre and Grand City Theatre of Opera and Ballet. The University was reorganized, and publishing business was developing in Lviv. In 1870 Lviv was granted the right of local self-government. It became a truly European city. An Austrian journalist who paid a visit to Lviv could not find any differences between our city and the major cities of Europe: the buildings were the same, the stores and coffee-houses were the same, the way of life and traditions were the same. In Austrian Lviv technical and scientific inventions were born, and the most advanced technologies of the time were implemented. It was one of the first cities in the Empire to see gas (and later electrical) street lighting, motor transport, and telephone communications. In 1894 the first electrical tram was launched in Lviv, long before this had happened in Vienna. Later the best railway station in the Empire was constructed here. All of that was achieved because of the Lviv's status as the capital of Galicia and the money flow from selling oil which was extracted near the city.
Shevchenka avenue is one of the most beautiful central streets; it almost fully preserves the European architectural spirit of the beginning of the 20th century.
The Lviv Opera House (28 Svobody Square) is an architectural gem of Lviv, built in the Neo-Renaissance style in 1901, and one of the most beautiful theatres in Europe...
The Ivan Franko National University of Lviv presents a Viennese Neo-Renaissance monument of 1877-1881.
The Lviv Polytechnic University (12 Stepana Bandery Street) is one of the most impressive civil buildings in Lviv (1874-1877).
The George Hotel is the oldest functioning hotel in Ukraine, built in 1901 in the Neo-Renaissance-Neo-Baroque style.
Building No. 1/3 at the corner of Svobody Prospect and Kopernika Street, known as the Hausner House, and the most beautiful Empire building in Lviv, was built in 1809-1822. In the 1850s Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria lived here. The buildingРІР‚в„ўs faГ§ade is adorned with numerous reliefs on mythological themes, including compositions of Amor and Psyche and Paris kidnapping Helen by the Lviv sculptor Gartman Witwer.
Passage Andreolli - stone building of the second half of the XVIII century, built in the Empire style.