Our Achievements

City of Lviv has always been the most civilized European city in Ukraine. Lviv has a long history full of achievements that the city could be proud of. And today Lviv still continues to reach new heights.

End of XIII - beginning of XIV century - Lviv is the capital of Rus' kingdom, the land which stretched from Poland to the left-bank Ukraine and from Belarus to the Black Sea.

1287 - Prince Leo held the first in Ukraine census. Galicia-Volyn chronicle shows that "by the death of Telebuha and Nogaya Prince Leo counted how many of his people have died in his land, now many were in captivity, how many were killed and how many by the will of God have died - twelve and a half thousand".

XIV – 30-th of XIX century - Lviv is the largest city in Ukraine, in XVI-XVII centuries, its population was twice the population of Kyiv.

 Lviv is the largest city in Ukraine , in XVI-XVII centuries

1341 - Lviv casted the oldest bell in Ukraine, which is now located in the church of St. George.

1375 – first mention of Lviv’s hospital "Holy Spirit" - the oldest in Ukraine hospital in the classic sense of the word.

1387 - 1704 - over 317 years the inhabitants of the city, stood over a hundred enemy sieges and prevented any conquerors to set foot on the territory of the city - an impressive figure for most medieval European cities.

1407 – first mention of Lviv’s water supply, which brought water to the downtown from sources outside the city - it was the beginning of civilized water supply.

1490 - at Lviv Town Hall was set the first in Ukraine clock with melodic chime.

second half of 16th century - the oldest park in Ukraine - Jesuit (now Ivan Franko Park) was established, which is also the oldest municipal park in Eastern Europe (since 1855).

 Ivan Franko Park

1555 - decree on the conservation and cultivation of Klepariv chereh - a unique hybrid of cherries and sweet cherries, which was cultivated only in Lviv. In the European pomology literature it is known as Kleparover Suss-Weichsel (in Germany) and Griotte de Kleparow in France.

1574 - Ivan Fedorov has printed in Lviv Ukraine's first book - "The Apostle."

 first book - "The Apostle"

1585 - the Dormition Brotherhood printing house was established - the oldest continuously active to this day printing house in Eastern Europe.

1586 – was issued the Charter of the school of the Dormition Brotherhood - the oldest educational memorial of post-soviet territory.

1629 - Italian Roberto Bandinelli founded in Lviv Ukraine's first European-style urban mail, which regularly delivered letters to residents from all over Europe.

first European-style urban mail

40-50th years of XVII century - lvivian Michael Boim has made for Europe in the XVII century first description of South-East Africa, made the first European atlas of China, issued the first European book on the flora of China, introduced Europeans to acupuncture and was the first who brought kiwi fruit to Europe.

1661 - establishment of the first in Ukraine and Russia University - Jesuit Academy.

 Jesuit Academy

beginning of 18th century – in Lviv was put a monument to the Polish hetman Stanislaw Yablonsky - the first monument in Ukraine.

monument to the Polish hetman Stanislaw Yablonsky - the first monument in Ukraine

1707 – in Lviv was published "Irmolohion" - the first printed music notes in Ukraine.

1715 - Lviv established the first brewery in Ukraine.

 first brewery in Ukraine

1749 – were published several issues of the first newspaper in Ukraine ("Kurier Lwowski").

1776 - newspaper "Gazette de Leopol" (weekly) began to publish - the first regular newspaper in Ukraine.

1811 - came out the oldest existing newspaper in Ukraine and the oldest existing now in the world Polish newspaper - "Gazeta Lwowska".

1848 - the first in history Ukrainian newspaper "Galician Star".

1771 - order of the Jesuits in Lviv founded the first astronomical observatory in Ukraine.

1773 - in Lviv was founded the first institution of Medical School in the Ukrainian lands - Medical Collegium.

1776 – in Lviv was created the first in Ukraine permanent city theater.

1782 – was established Baczewski vodka factory that in the early 20th century produced the best liquor in Europe- "Likier Baczewskiego".

1784 - Lviv launched the world's first air balloon with automatic liquid fuel burner for heating air in the tank, just nine months after air balloon of Monholf'ye brothers, which used straw for fuel.

 air balloon

1784 – inside the Bernadine monastery was founded Archive of Ancient Documents, now - the Central StateHistorical Archive in Lviv - one of the richest archives in Europe.

1785 – in Lviv was established the oldest hotel in Ukraine - "Under the Roman Caesar."

1786 – was founded in Lviv Ukraine's first music academy.

1786 - Lychakiv cemetery was founded, one of the most beautiful in Europe.

Lychakiv cemetery

at the beginning of the XIX century Lviv University was one of the largest in Europe (in 1822 it numbered 1,304 students, while, for example, Berlin University in 1820 consisted of 910 students, the University of Halle - 795 students.)

1835 – was launched Ukraine's first regular public transport route, equestrian crew connected the city with downtown Vynnyky.

1835 - 1900 - Lviv was a unique European city, which dramatically changed its landscape: Kniaz or Bald mountain (Mons Calvus) was cut off and poured to a height of 413 m above sea level an artificial hill (Kopiec Unji Lubelskiej), river Poltva was put under ground; so the city has received one of the best sewer systems in Europe.

 one of the best sewer systems in Europe

1836- Leopold Sacher-Masoch was born in Lviv, one of the most prominent European and international writers. The circulation of his works published in Europe in the late 19th century, several times higher than the circulation of Shevchenko, Mickiewicz, Pushkin, Dostoevsky and Tolstoy all together.

 Leopold Sacher-Masoch

1840 August - the first in Ukraine and the former Soviet Union demonstration of feminists in the city center, one of them was smoking a cigarette.

1842 – was completed the building of Skarbka Theatre (now named after Zankovetska) – the biggestat the time in Europe with the area 7.278 sq. m. And the third by the number of seats (1460) after Milan "La Scala" and Dresden "Hofteater”.

Zankovetska theatre

1844 - foundation in Lviv Royal Majesty Technical Academy - the oldest in Ukraine Technical University.

1845 - Lviv was the first in Europe to open a specialized children's hospital of St. Sophia.

1848 - Lviv created the first Ukrainian political organization - Main Rus’ Council.

1853 - in Lviv pharmacy store "Under a gold star" pharmacists Johann Zegom and Ignacy Lukasevich invented the world's first kerosene (oil) lamp.

 the world's first kerosene (oil) lamp

1853 - Lviv published the first Ukrainian magazine for women "Lada".

1858- Lviv launched the first in Ukraine gas street lighting.

 the first in Ukraine gas street lighting

1861 - the first railway in Ukraine, Lviv - Przemysl.

 the first railway in Ukraine

1862 – in Lviv was founded "The Polytechnique society" - one of the first in the world aviation company.

1864 – in Lviv was established the first Ukrainian professional theater.

1866 - Lviv created the first in Ukraine sports association "Falcon."

1873 - foundation in Lviv one of the oldest in Europe, Natural History Museum.

1874 - Lviv created the first Ukrainian secondary school (gymnasium).

1874 - Lviv city established the Industrial Museum (now Museum of Ethnography and Crafts) - one of the largest specialized ethnographic museums in Europe, with the richest treasury of artistic decorative and caft arts of Ukraine. It has the largest and most valuable collection of clocks in Ukraine.

1879 - Kilinskyj Park (now Stryjsky park) was established, which in the beginning of 20th century was considered one of the most beautiful parks in Europe.

 Stryjsky park

1880, May - the first time in Lviv and Ukraine the horse tram route was started.

horse tram route

1882-1883 - the first in Lviv and Ukraine Institute of Geography.

1883 - Lviv established Ukraine's first city telephone connection.

1884 - Lviv started it’s work "Joint aeronautical society," which published in German and Polish languages one of the world's first specialized newspaper "Aeronaut."

1890 - creation of Lviv Ruthenian-Ukrainian Radical Party (RURP) - the first Ukrainian legal political party of the European type and the first European farmers' party with social direction.

1893 - the first time in Ukraine was established a horse ambulance station.

1894 – in Lviv started to work an electric tram, one of the first in Ukraine and in Europe.

electric tram

1894, July 14 - in Lviv was held the first ever Ukrainian football match between teams from Lviv and Krakow.

1895- in Lviv for the first time in Ukraine a street was named after Taras Shevchenko.

end of 19th century – at Teatralna street for the first time in Ukraine for the street lighting were used fluorescent lamps.

beginning of 20th century - Lviv was the only city in the world with the residence of three Catholic Archbishops: Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic and Armenian Catholic.

1900 - designed by architect Zygmunt Gorgolewski was built Lviv Opera House - one of the most beautiful in Europe.

 Lviv Opera House

1905 - establishment in Lviv first Ukrainian National Museum.

1905 - Lviv hosted the first All-Ukrainian art exhibition.

1905, Jan. 15 - in Lviv was held the first in Ukraine match of Canadian hockey.

1906 - Lviv under the leadership of John Boberskyi created the first football club, who defended the blue and yellow colors.

1907 - Gallery of European Art (now Lviv Art Gallery) was established in Lviv - the largest art museum in Ukraine, which contains over 50,000 works of art.

1909 - was played in Lviv the first in Ukraine's history hockey match.

1910 - Lviv Polytechnic was second after the Sorbonne University in Paris institute, which opened an aviation faculty.

beginning of the XX century - Lviv was the place where the first Ukrainian competition of team ball sports was held: volleyball, handball, basketball, rugby, also for the first time racing on roller skates, bicycles, mopeds, motorcycles, cars were held.

1910 - Ukrainian national aviation school was born, one of its most active initiators was the son of John Peter Frank.

20th - 30th of the 20th century - Lviv was one of the greenest cities in Europe for a number of parks and gardens on one square kilometer area.

1928 - Professor of Lviv National University Rudolf Weigl for the first time in the world invented a vaccine against typhus.

1929 – in Lviv was organized Ukraine's first hockey team CT "Ukraine", whose goalkeeper M. Skrypiy was among the first in the world to use a protective goalkeeper mask, he made it from Polish soldiers helmets.

1931 – in the main hall of Lviv City Council was founded an International Archery Federation (FITA) and the same year in Lviv was held the first world championship in archery by the modern rules.

30th of XX century - Lviv gliders school recognized as one of the best in the world.

1932 - Ukraine's largest organ made in Czech Republic and installed in the church of Mary Magdalene.

1951 May - Lviv Bus Factory in Ukraine made the first bus.

 first bus

1957 - the factory of cathode ray tubes created the world's first tube with the angle of deviation e 110 degrees. At the World Exhibition in Brussels the company was awarded for the development of the tube with the highest award - the "Grand Prix".

60 - 70 th of the 20th century - Lviv produced the best quality in the USSR, beer, candy "Svitoch", buses and TV.

1971 – was founded skansen "Shevchenko Gai," where are six wooden churches. Such number of houses of worship has no other museum in the world.

1975 - Lviv created Ukraine's first architectural conservation area, which included the whole territory of the medieval core of the city.

1981 – in the building of city arsenal was based the only in Ukraine and the former Soviet Union weapons museum.

60 – 80 th of the 20th century - in Lviv region with a population of 0.8% of the total population of the USSR was located more than 10% of all existing places of worship, so the region was the most religious place of the empire.

religious place

1991 - 2001 – in Lviv and Lviv region was built the largest number of churches in Ukraine - 280.

1999 May 14-15 – Lviv became the only city in Ukraine's history to receive at one time nine Heads of State during the Summit of Central and Eastern Europe.

2001 June 27 - in Lviv took place an event that involved the largest number of people in Ukraine's history: the Byzantine rite liturgy, led by Pope John Paul II at Lviv hippodrome, which gathered a half million people. Also in Lviv, went the first major demonstrations in Ukraine's modern history – September 17 1989 on the day of the 50th anniversary of the entry of Soviet troops into the territory of Western Ukraine and May 30, 2000 the day of the funeral of the composer Igor Bilosir on city streets came a hundred thousand people.

2001 - Presiding Bishop of Ukranian Greek Catholic Church Lubomir Husar was honored by Pope John-Paul II with the cardinal's dignity. Thus Lviv became the second city after Rome, with two cardinals.

2002 June 29 - in Lviv was opened the first in post-Soviet area and the first established by the Greek Catholic Church, Ukrainian Catholic University.

2004 November-December - Lviv made the biggest contribution in Ukrainian Orange Revolution.

  • 2009 April 28 - Lviv has been recognized as the cultural capital of Ukraine. This status award was given based on expert research of The State service of tourism and resorts and “The Council on tourism and resorts issues”. The main reasons of such obtaining is the conducting of more than 100 festivals annually, 60 museums, 100 churches of different confessions, and the big tourist interest in Lviv.
  • 2011 - fDi Intelligence (branch of Financial Times Ltd) placed Lviv in top ten of European cities and regions of the future for 2012/2013 in the following categories: "The best economic efficiency for doing business" and "The best strategy for attracting foreign direct investment" among major European cities.
  • 2012 June - Lviv is one of the hosting cities of the final draw of Euro 2012. Lviv is hosting 3 teams - German, Danish and Portugease who will play 3 matches.